Although most consumers equate a heat pump with heating their homes, you can use it as both a heating and air conditioning system. You can reverse a heat pump to heat or cool a controlled space. Technically, a heat pump is a refrigeration system consisting of two parts: an outdoor unit that functions like an air conditioner and an indoor unit known as an air handler.
Similar to a refrigerator, a heat pump uses electricity to transfer warm air from a cool area to a warm area. Since heat pumps transfer heat rather than generate heat, the units also serve as air conditioning systems at a quarter of the cost of traditional heating and cooling systems, according to Energy.gov.
Most of today’s heating and cooling systems offer energy-efficient alternatives to traditional systems. The three most common heat pumps are water source, air-to-air and geothermal. Air-source heat pumps are the most common type in the United States, and today’s air-to-air technology can reduce your electricity consumption by as much as 50 percent compared to traditional furnaces or baseboard heaters. Energy-efficient heat pumps also provide more cooling relief since they dehumidify the air better than standard air conditioners.
If you’re considering a geothermal heat pump as a source of cooling, look for the EER rating on the system. Known as the “energy efficient rating” used by the Refrigeration Institute/International Standards Organization, an EER rating shows you how efficient the system is and how much you can save on utility bills. A high EER rating, such as 45 or above, tells you the system is one of the highest rated in the industry.
A geothermal system transfers heat from a nearby water source or transfers heat from the ground to your home. Geothermal pumps take advantage of a water or ground source’s constant temperatures, which lowers operating costs by controlling humidity. Although geothermal heat pumps cost more to install than traditional systems, they can reduce your energy bills by 30 to 60 percent or more.
Learn more about your heating and air conditioning options and discover how we can help you transition your old HVAC system into an energy-efficient heat pump. Get in touch with our team of experts at Morelli Heating and Air Conditioning, Inc. today.